8 Scientific Mediterranean Diet Health Benefits


A randomized clinical experiment called PREDIMED may provide the most persuasive evidence. For five years, authors monitored 7,000 Spanish women and men with type 2 diabetes or high cardiovascular disease risk.

The Mediterranean Diet May Lower Heart Disease Risk

We know from the PREDIMED study that Mediterranean diets cut cardiovascular disease risk in some persons. According to a cohort study, the diet may reduce stroke risk in women but not males. 

A Mediterranean Diet May Reduce Women’s  Risk of Stroke

A heart-healthy diet, the Mediterranean diet may improve memory and cognition with age. There is emerging evidence that what we eat might effect our brains as we age, says Alzheimer's Association Chicago chief of scientific initiatives and outreach Claire Sexton, DPhil.

Dietary Mediterranean May Prevent Cognitive Decline and Alzheimer's

Due to its emphasis on whole, fresh foods, the Mediterranean diet may help you lose weight safely, healthily, and sustainably, but not quickly. In 2022, U.S. News & World Report ranked the Mediterranean diet first in its overall category, although it tied with many other diets for 12th in its Best Weight Loss category.

The Mediterranean Diet May Help With Weight Loss and Maintenance

Researchers randomized 418 healthy 55-80-year-olds from PREDIMED and followed them for four years to detect diabetes. Whether they received free olive oil or nuts, Mediterranean diet followers had a 52% lower risk of type 2 diabetes after four years, even if they didn't reduce weight or exercise more.

A Mediterranean Diet May Stave Off Type 2 Diabete

In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the immune system wrongly targets the joints, causing pain and swelling. Mediterranean diets high in omega-3 fatty acids may alleviate RA symptoms.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients May Benefit from Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet lowered the risk of breast, colorectal, and head and neck cancers and helped cancer survivors survive, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Do Mediterranean Diet Foods Prevent Cancer

The diet reduced depression risk by 33% compared to a “pro-inflammatory diet” (richer in processed meats, sugar, and trans fats) typical of a standard American diet, according to four longitudinal studies.

Some Foods in the Mediterranean Diet May Ease Depression

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7 Healthy Benefits Of The Mediterranean Diet